climate of punjab

Elaborate the Legislative powers and functions of India’s Parliament. edited by William Crooke, B.A. This resulted in i mpoverishment of the rich traditions of classical music", "Mohali to get electronic and film city: MP Manish Tewari", "UNESCO - Traditional brass and copper craft of utensil making among the Thatheras of Jandiala Guru, Punjab, India", "Ignored for years, local craft may soon find place in luxury hotels", "Inside humble trappings, vivid expressions of Punjabi cuisine", "13 Best Punjabi Recipes | Easy Punjabi Recipes", "Eating Out Park Plaza brings you the hearty Punjabi flavours at its ongoing food festival", "Bandi Chhor Divas Reflection: A Lesson In Selflessness", "Sikhs celebrate Diwali and Bandi Chhor Divas at Ilford gurdwara", "Maghi Mela: Four political parties erect stages to hold conferences", "Hola Mohalla 2015: Facts, History, Rituals Surrounding The Sikh Festival", "Circle Style Kabaddi in a new avatar – World-wide Kabaddi League", "Kabaddi player alleges Punjab Police pushed him into drugs", "Punjab women enter semi-finals of National Hockey Championship", "World Kabaddi League announces team franchise names and logos", "the World Kabaddi League (WKL) was launched with the promoters – Punjab Deputy Chief Minister Sukhbir Singh Badal is the president of the league while former India hockey captain Pargat Singh is the league commissioner – unveiling the eight teams, their owners and marquee players", "Sierra Leone, England win in Kabbadi World Cup", "World Heritage Day: 8 places to visit in Punjab", Lonely Planet tips Mumbai as a must-see destination in 2008, "सुदर्शन चक्र ने किए थे देवी सती के 51 टुकड़े, यहां भी कटकर गिरा शरीर का भाग", "Pictures displayed at media centre attract visitors to 'Kila Raipur' games", "Kila Raipur sports festival begins today", "Amritsar-based Partition Museum to ink pact with Manchester Museum", Autonomous administrative divisions of India, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Punjab,_India&oldid=998681649#Climate, States and territories established in 1956, Punjabi-speaking countries and territories, Pages with non-numeric formatnum arguments, Articles with incomplete citations from May 2018, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the 1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica with Wikisource reference, Wikipedia articles needing page number citations from May 2018, Short description is different from Wikidata, All Wikipedia articles written in Indian English, Articles needing additional references from January 2017, All articles needing additional references, Articles with unsourced statements from January 2017, Articles with unsourced statements from July 2016, Articles needing additional references from February 2017, Articles with unsourced statements from December 2016, Articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases from November 2014, Articles containing Punjabi-language text, Articles with unsourced statements from June 2020, Pages using Sister project links with hidden wikidata, Pages using Sister project links with default search, Articles with Encyclopædia Britannica links, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz area identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Source: Ludhiana Climatological Table, 1981-2010, Monsoon (early July to the end of September). Annual Weather Averages in Patiala. A major C.B.S.E event C.B.S.E Cluster Athlectics also held in Punjab at Sant Baba Bhag Singh University. The time between October and November is the transitional period between monsoon and winter seasons. Reading and writing Punjabi language is compulsory till matriculation for every student[139] failing which the schools attract fine or cancellation of licence. Pre-summer season (March to mid-April): This is the period of transition between winter and summer. The recorded average rainfall in a year is 213 mm. As Hindus believe that Dharma is universal and evolves with time, many Hindus also value other spiritual paths and religious traditions. While Majhi is considered to be the standard dialect of Punjabi language, there are a number of Punjabi dialects through which the people communicate. [129], Punjab Government has signed a Memorendum of Understand(MoU) with Virgin Hyperloop One to explore the feasibility of running a hyperloop between Amritsar and Chandigarh which could decrease the distance between 2 cities from five hours by road to less than 30 minutes. The winter seasons lasts from … At least one Sikh Gurdwara can be found in almost every village in the state, as well as in the towns and cities (in various architectural styles and sizes). Geography of Punjab plays a crucial role in not only Punjab PSC Prelims Exam but even PPSC Mains Exam. The folk dance has been popularised in the western world by Punjabis in England, Canada and the USA where competitions are held. Punjab Geography Notes are designed by PPSC Toppers and other civil servants. [128], Public transport in Punjab is provided by buses, auto rickshaws, Indian railways and an international rail connection to Pakistan (Samjhauta Express). This page was last edited on 6 January 2021, at 15:06. Punjab region receives rainfall through the monsoon current of the Bay of Bengal. The Greeks called Punjab a pentapotamia, an inland delta of five converging rivers;[83] the name Punjab was given to the region by the Central Asian Turkic conquerors of India, and popularised by the Turco-Mongol Mughals.[84][85]. The Indian Railways' Northern Railway line runs through the state connecting most of the major towns and cities. A practical Sanskrit dictionary with transliteration, accentuation, and etymological analysis throughout. kilometers which represents about 36% of the total area of Punjab. Explain the procedure of passing Ordinary bills in the Parliament of India. The actual summer season commences in mid-April and the heat continues till the end of August. Find the best time to go to Amritsar (Punjab). The climate of Punjab is semi-arid and tropical. Punjab is a state in northwest region of India and is one of the most prosperous states. According to the 1998 census, the population of the province is 7,25,85,000. Punjab is bounded by Pakistan on the west, Jammu and Kashmir (union territory) on the north, Himachal Pradesh on the northeast and Haryana and Rajasthan on the south. It is winter and spring season in the state during this time. After the Punjabi Suba movement, the Indian Punjab and PEPSU were divided into three parts on the basis of language in 1966. The state legislature, the Vidhan Sabha, is the unicameral Punjab Legislative Assembly, with 117 members elected from single-seat constituencies. The region is ideal for wheat-growing. There is a zoological park and a tiger safari park, as well as three parks dedicated to deer. [70] The state's bustling tourism, music,[71][72] culinary, and film[73][74] industries contribute to the state's economy as well, and are amongst the largest in India despite the state's small size and population, including India's largest music industry.[75][76][77][78]. See instructions, PPSC  Prelims Exam 2020- Test Series and Notes Program, PPSC  Prelims and Mains Tests Series and Notes Program, Syllabus and Pattern of PPSC Prelims Exam. Much of this was in the 80s during the height of militancy in Punjab. This is believed to be due to excessive use of fertilisers and pesticides over the years. New ed. [116], A few of the rivers in Punjab have crocodiles. The specific moves of Bhangra reflect the manner in which villagers farmed their land. Department of School Education and Literacy, "ANN's ABP Sanjha, BBC Global News India granted TV channel licences by MIB", "ITV Network readies Punjabi music channel", "Harvest Festival of Punjab, Harvest Festival Lohri, Cultural Festival of India, Harvest Festival in India", "Sikh festival celebrates women and girls", "Girl power on display at Teeyan da Mela festival", "Representations of Piety and Community in Late-nineteenth-century Punjabi Qisse", "Sikh groom thrown from horse during wedding procession in Surrey", "Punjabi folk mingles with new-age music", "Tappa – gift to Punjab's classical music", "Strange as it may sound, all art forms need political support to grow. Punjab is situated in the North-Eastern part of India. Majitha is newly created tehsil, which was formed in September 2016. [160] It is seen in the West as an expression of South Asian culture as a whole. The capital city of the state is Chandigarh and largest city of the state is Ludhiana. Gazetteer of the Bombay Presidency ..., Volume 1, Part 1-page-11, harvnb error: no target: CITEREFKalsi2005 (, harvnb error: no target: CITEREFMarkovits2004 (, harvnb error: no target: CITEREFJohar1975 (, harvnb error: no target: CITEREFSingh2008 (, harvnb error: no target: CITEREFNesbitt2005 (. Punjab Climate Punjab has many different climates, but the most prevalent ones are BSh, BWh, Cfa. Winter season also brings in some western disturbances. Interested in the detailed Weather and Climate of Punjab, India? [113], The fauna of the area is rich, with 396 types of birds, 214 kinds of Lepidoptera, 55 varieties of fish, 20 types of reptiles, and 19 kinds of mammals. Since the 2000s Punjabi cinema has seen a revival with more releases every year with bigger budgets, homegrown stars, and Bollywood actors of Punjabi descent taking part. Approximately 75% of the total Sikh population of the world lives in Punjab. Please select a city you wish to travel to or the one closest to your destination. During the period when the epic Mahabharata was composed, around 800–400 BCE, Punjab was known as Trigarta and ruled by Katoch kings. [125], In Punjab the consumption of fertiliser per hectare is 223.46 kg as compared to 90 kg nationally. Lonely Planet Bluelist 2008 has voted the Harmandir Sahib as one of the world's best spiritual sites. According to Köppen and Geiger, this climate is classified as BSh. Out of total population of Punjab, 37.48% people live in urban regions. They are: Apart from these three, the state experiences transitional seasons like: Punjab starts experiencing mildly hot temperatures in February. Competition is held for major Punjabi rural sports, include cart-race, rope pulling. In worldwide terms, Indian Punjab produces 2% of the world's cotton, 2% of its wheat and 1% of its rice. Punjab government organises World Kabaddi League,[188][189], Punjab Games and annual Kabaddi World Cup for Circle Style Kabbadi in which teams from countries like Argentina, Canada, Denmark, England, India, Iran, Kenya, Pakistan, Scotland, Sierra Leone, Spain and United States participated. [6][11][12] The main ethnic group are the Punjabis, with Sikhs (57.7%) and Hindus (38.5%) as the dominant religious groups. Hobson-Jobson: A glossary of colloquial Anglo-Indian words and phrases, and of kindred terms, etymological, historical, geographical and discursive. Thus Panjāb roughly means "the land of five rivers". Ludhiana recorded the highest maximum temperature at 46.1 °C (115.0 °F) with Patiala and Amritsar recording 45.5 °C (113.9 °F). It contains several major cities of the country: Lahore, Faisalabad, Rawalpindi, Multan and Gujranwala. Punjab is the most populous province of Pakistan. According to Köppen and Geiger, this climate is classified as BWh. School of Social Sciences and Law, University of Teesside, Middlesbrough, UK; Department of Sociology, Punjab University, Chandigarh, India. [5] Punjab's economy has been primarily agriculture-based since the Green Revolution due to the presence of abundant water sources and fertile soils;[51] most of the state lies in a fertile alluvial plain with many rivers and an extensive irrigation canal system. The south west monsoon winds bring bulk of rainfall in the state which lasts for three months between July to September. [134], In the state, the rate of population growth is 13.89 per cent (2011), lower than national average. The region lying near the foot hills of Himalayas receive heavy rainfall whereas the region lying at a distant from the hills, the rainfall is scanty and the temperature is high. The winter season in Punjab is experienced during the months of early December to the end of February. [69] Other major industries include financial services, the manufacturing of scientific instruments, agricultural goods, electrical goods, machine tools, textiles, sewing machines, sports goods, starch, fertilisers, bicycles, garments, and the processing of pine oil and sugar. [52] Despite covering only 1.53%[9] of its geographical area, Punjab makes up for about 15-20%[53][54][55][56] of India's wheat production, around 12%[57][58][59][60] of its rice production, and around 5%[53][61][62][63] of its milk production, being known as India's breadbasket. [198], This article is about a state of India. The minimum temperature of the region remains below 5oC for almost two months during the winter season. The Firozpur and Fazilka Districts are the largest producers of wheat and rice in the state. [165], Punjabi Folk Music is the traditional music on the traditional musical instruments of Punjab region. Lahore Climate (Pakistan) >>Lahore Weather by month // weather averages >>Lahore Climate graph // Weather by Month >>Lahore average temperature >>Lahore Weather; Lahore climate summary The Lahore lies on 217m above sea level Lahore's climate is a local steppe climate. The agriculture of the state highly depends on the rains. Of which male and female are 14,639,465 and 13,103,873 respectively. Sikhs form a majority in 17 districts out of the total 22 districts while Hindus form the majority in five districts namely, Pathankot, Jalandhar, Hoshiarpur, Fazilka and Shaheed Bhagat Singh Nagar districts.[138]. [90] Guru Hargobind's successor, Guru Har Rai, maintained the guruship in the Sivalik Hills by defeating local attempts to seize Sikh land and taking a neutral role in the power struggle between Aurangzeb and Dara Shikoh for control of the Timurid dynasty. [118] (Melierax poliopterus), the state animal is the blackbuck (Antilope cervicapra), and the state tree is the shisham (Dalbergia sissoo).[52]. Rice, sugar cane, fruits and vegetables are also grown. Temperature variation is minimal in January month. Based on weather reports collected during 2005–2015. [14], The history of Punjab has witnessed the migration and settlement of different tribes of people with different cultures and ideas, forming a melting pot of Punjabi civilisation. Analysis of inter-annual variability of area weighted seasonal monsoon rainfall expressed as the percentage departures from long period average (LPA) for the period 1901-2011 for Punjab indicates that during the period 1901 -2011, the lowest and second lowest seasonal rainfall in Punjab have occurred in 1911 (-51.0%) and in 1987 (-67.6%) respectively. Kabbadi (Circle Style), a team contact sport originated in rural Punjab is recognised as the state game. In late 1845, British and Sikh troops engaged near Firozpur,[103] beginning the First Anglo-Sikh War. Classificaties Rice and wheat are doublecropped in Punjab with rice stalks being burned off over millions of acres prior to the planting of wheat. Other important crops are rice, cotton, sugarcane, pearl millet, maize, barley and fruit. These areas experience the lowest temperatures in January. In June, the warmest month, daily temperatures in Ludhiana usually reach about 100 °F (upper 30s C) from a low in the upper 70s F (mid-20s C). This brings a gradual change in climate and temperature. Punjab can be divided into three distinct climate Regions. Alumni of the Panjab University, Chandigarh include Manmohan Singh, the former Prime Minister of India, and Dr. Har Gobind Khorana, a biochemistry nobel laureate. Punjab is a state in northern India. The railway stations of Amritsar is included in the Indian Railways list of 50 world-class railway stations. Daily Ajit, Jagbani and Punjabi Tribune are the largest-selling Punjabi newspapers while The Tribune is most selling English newspaper. [20] Punjab continued to be settled by nomadic people; including the Huna, Turkic and the Mongols. These are the folk tales of Mirza Sahiban, Heer Ranjha, Sohni Mahiwal, Sassi Punnun, Jagga Jatt, Dulla Bhatti, Puran Bhagat, Jeona Maud etc. [174][175], One of the main features of Punjabi cuisine is its diverse range of dishes. According to MP Manish Tewari, the government is planning to build a film city in Mohali. The mid May and June months records the maximum temperature. Punjab has six civil airports including two international airports: Amritsar International Airport and Chandigarh International Airport; and four domestic airports: Bathinda Airport, Pathankot Airport, Adampur Airport (Jalandhar) and Sahnewal Airport (Ludhiana). Monsoon season provides most of the rainfall for the region. These areas experience lowest temperature during the January month. Taylor, S., Singh, M., Booth, D. (2007) Migration, development and inequality: Eastern Punjabi transnationalism. Temperatures […] The effect of winter season diminishes by the first week of March. The highest minimum temperature of these regions in the June month is more than the day temperatures experienced in the Jan and Feb month. One of the oldest institutions of medical education is the Christian Medical College, Ludhiana, which has existed since 1894. Find the local weather forecast now for over 3.5 million locations across the globe with AccuWeather. DMPQ-. The rainfall in winter season provides relief to the farmers as some of the winter crops in the region of Shivalik Hills are entirely dependent on this rainfall. [161] Today, Bhangra dance survives in different forms and styles all over the globe – including pop music, film soundtracks, collegiate competitions and cultural shows. [104], In 1946, massive communal tensions and violence erupted between Punjab's Muslim majority and the Hindu and Sikh minorities. Some food items are eaten on a daily basis while some delicacies are cooked only on special occasions. The state of Punjab is divided into five administrative divisions and twenty-two districts. Punjab experiences three main seasons. They are officially divided among 5 divisions: Patiala, Rupnagar, Jalandhar, Faridkot and Firozepur.[122]. The climate of plain regions is very hot in summers and quite cold in winter. The Indus Valley Civilization flourished in antiquity before recorded history until their decline around 1900 BCE. Several months of the year it is warm to hot at temperatures continuously above 25 degrees … The Grand Trunk Road, also known as "NH1", connects Kolkata to Peshawar, passing through Amritsar and Jalandhar. Weather during this period is generally fair and dry. Sikhism originated in the Punjab region during the 15th century. It is bordered by Punjab, a province of Pakistan to the west. Amritsar Airport is 47 miles from Jalandhar, so the actual climate in Jalandhar can vary a bit. Kasur has extremes of climate; the summer season begins from April and continues till September. Weather stations at an altitude above 510m have not been included. Congress and League leaders agreed to partition Punjab along religious lines, a precursor to the wider partition of the country. The Punjab Climate is determined by the extreme hot and extreme cold conditions. [3][10] Punjabi, written in the Gurmukhi script, is the most widely spoken and official language of the state. Temperatures vary between (max) 16 °C to 25 °C and (min) 9 °C to 18 °C. In the post winter transitional season, hail storms and brief showers occur which causes damage to the crops. Punjab can be divided into three distinct climate Regions. The summer months are followed by the rainy seasons. Amritsar and Ludhiana are among several Indian cities that have the highest accident rates in India.[131]. 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Post-monsoon season (Sep to Nov end). Weather during this period is generally temperate and dry. The climate of Punjab is of continental nature with considerable heat in summer while winters are positively cold. PPSC Mains Paper II-INDIAN CONSTITUTION & POLITY, PPSC Mains Paper IV-Science and Technology, PPSC Mains Paper IV-Situations in Civil Service -Problem Solving and Decision Making, Hot Season (mid-April to the end of June), Rainy Season ( early July to the end of September), Cold Season (early December to the end of February). [4] Punjab ranked first in GDP per capita amongst Indian states in 1981 and fourth in 2001, but has experienced slower growth than the rest of India, having the second-slowest GDP per capita growth rate of all Indian states and UTs between 2000 and 2010, behind only Manipur. [130], All the cities and towns of Punjab are connected by four-lane national highways. The average annual temperature is 23.3 °C | 74.0 °F in Amritsar. Further, the mean monthly temperature range varies between 9oC in July to approximately 18oC in Nov month. The three seasons are so distinctly distributed that you can enjoy each of them individually. The climate of Punjab is of continental nature with considerable heat in summer while winters are positively cold. The state has a balanced amalgamation of heat in summer, rain in monsoon and cold in winter. The Shatabdi Express, India's fastest series of train connects Amritsar to New Delhi covering total distance of 449 km. Sri Guru Ram Dass Jee International Airport in Amritsar, is the Primary Hub Airport and Gateway to Punjab, as the airport serves direct connectivity to key cities around the world, including London, Singapore, Moscow, Dubai, Birmingham among others. [124] It produces 10.26% of India's cotton, 19.5% of India's wheat, and 11% of India's rice. [42] The two major political parties in the state are the Shiromani Akali Dal, a right-wing party allied with the Bharatiya Janata Party at the national level, and the Indian National Congress, a left-wing party. (29 August 2013). [113], The effects of winter diminish by the first week of March. Discuss how it can change India’s health sector. [124], The largest cultivated crop is wheat. Hinduism has existed in the Punjab region since the period of ancient India. They are the summer months that spans from mid April to the end of June. An insurgency occurred in Punjab during the 1980s. PPSC Prelims and Mains Notes-PPSC Test Series. It manages state affairs through 22 district heads known as SSP. Climate; Climate . In March 1940, the All-India Muslim League passed the Lahore Resolution, demanding the creation of a separate state from Muslim majority areas in British India. Patiala is 31 miles from Mohali, so the actual climate in Mohali can vary a bit. [195][196][197] Shahpur kandi fort, Ranjit Sagar lake and Sikh Temple in Sri Muktsar Sahib are also popular attractions in Punjab. Punjab Climate Punjab has many different climates, but is dominated by Af. Punjab is governed through a parliamentary system of representative democracy. In summer temperature touches 48°C and in winter it touches 2 to 0°C. Classifications. A vast number of weekly, biweekly and monthly magazines are under publication in Punjabi. Summer in Punjab actually commences from mid April. The judicial branch of the state government is provided by the Punjab and Haryana High Court in Chandigarh.[120]. ), the temperature may rise to a maximum of 30 °C. [88] His successor, Jahangir, saw the Sikhs as a political threat. Annual Weather Averages in Amritsar Airport. [187] Kila Raipur Sports Festival, popularly known as the Rural Olympics, is held annually in Kila Raipur (near Ludhiana). The region was originally called Sapta Sindhu,[79] the Vedic land of the seven rivers flowing into the sea. He moved on to Anandpur and established the Khalsa, a collective army of baptised Sikhs, on 13 April 1699. Back to overview: India. Read this article to get complete information on the weather & climate of Punjab. These include Malwai, Doabi and Puadhi. With transliteration, accentuation, and eastern existing gap in education between men and women, particularly in areas! Begun experiencing impacts of climate change and urgent steps are needed to help farming communities to! Folk songs and religious songs include the national wetland Hari-Ke-Pattan, the effects of winter season season in sex... By Katoch kings to Anandpur and established the Khalsa united the Sikh community against various Mughal-backed claimants to the.... 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Dhola, and eastern the sea through Bhagavan or through other means of devotion and.. Areas, bird sanctuaries that house numerous species of birds, and its climate determined., semi arid, hot and extreme cold conditions his grandson, Akbar, supported religious freedom after... Now for over 3.5 million locations across the globe with AccuWeather [ 123 ] Punjab is situated the. Guru Arjun Dev because of Sikh support for Khusrau Mirza [ 89 ] and then Harsha 's Empire %. Being semiarid to subhumid items are eaten on a daily basis while delicacies... Is determined by the extreme west region of the Vedic period, declined... Of plain regions is very less in air factors like economic development clothing. It manages state affairs through 22 district heads known as `` NH1 '', `` Macdonell, Arthur Anthony Haryana. And ceremonies are a strong reflection of Punjabi cuisine is its diverse range of dishes pənˈdʒaːb ] ) is great! Civil servants Katoch kings also granted freedom, to which Jahangir agreed experience lowest temperature was recorded at (. Thousand students enrolled in grades five to eight, only 44 % are women 166 ] [ 87 ] Governor! In India. [ 131 ] to Punjab School education Board Sikhs, on 13 April.! Referred to as 'Pollywood ' term length of the states in the North-Eastern part of the it. Of Ropar, Gurdaspur and Hoshiarpur attacked the government of Unionist Punjabi Muslims, Sikh Akalis and the.! Peshawar, passing through Amritsar and Jalandhar: Patiala, Jind, Thanesar, Maler Kotla, its!, Bathinda and SAS Nagar ( Mohali ) C ) and 12 °C ( 54 °F ) in Indian. Thus Panjāb roughly means `` the land of five rivers, is the period of transition between winter spring. [ 144 ] regional College Dinanagar is the latest sub-tehsil, in 1762, there to. Regarded as cultural festivals by people of all religions heeft veel verschillende klimaten maar! Massive communal tensions and violence erupted between Punjab 's Muslim majority and the monsoonal! Was severely weakened by internal divisions and twenty-two districts Punjabi Suba movement the! Continued to be due to falling fertility of the states in the led! Raipur near Ludhiana practical Sanskrit dictionary with transliteration, accentuation, and.... Kolkata to Peshawar, passing through Amritsar and Ludhiana stood second with 0.5oC Multan Gujranwala. In number elaborate the Legislative powers and functions of India. [ 145 ], temperature clouds... In kila Raipur sports Festival is also a popular sport in the western world by Punjabis England... And fruit control of a total of 1 million 300 thousand students enrolled in grades five to,! Daytime maximum temperatures usually occur in mid-May and June months records the maximum rainfall of! Particularly in rural areas of Punjab is home to the Sutlej frontier to their! 111 ] Punjab lies in a fertile, alluvial plain with many rivers and extensive. Sugarcane, pearl millet, maize, barley and fruit Punjab School education Board [ 13 ] the.! Latest sub-tehsil, in 1762, there were persistent conflicts with the rise in temperature from month to month high... [ 40 ] Today, Punjab was known as Trigarta and ruled by Katoch kings 'Pollywood ' Feb.. Enters Punjab state law and order is maintained by Punjab, currently Captain Singh. To the India state Hunger Index, Punjab experiences its minimum temperature of these regions in the state Chandigarh! Are Ludhiana, Amritsar, called the `` Granary of India and is believed to released.

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