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If the bulls win, then the prizes go to the bull owners. If the boys are thrown off or hurt seriously within the ring no prize is given to them. Devotees pay their respect to cows by bending down, like praying in a temple, and touching their feet and foreheads, followed by an aarti (showing camphor flame to the object of praise) and offering the cattle prasad (food offering, in this case is called Sakkar Pongal – a delicacy cooked of rice, moong dal (green gram) with jaggery and dry fruits). In the present form, prizes are offered to the bull fighters and the bull owners. Now that you know what is Mattu Pongal and where is it celebrated, why not learn more about animals in India? Mattu Pongal is made up of two Tamil words; "Mattu", meaning 'bull', and "Pongal", literally meaning 'boiled rice' (a rice and lentil dish) but metaphorically meaning prosperity. However, Nandi said that everyone should eat daily and have an oil bath once in a month. The third day of Pongal is dedicated to cattle and is called Mattu Pongal. On the first day, the image of rice is drawn. [15], The jallikattu events that are held now are in a well organised manner by bull owners and the youthful village men. The Pongal festival also represents celebration of "fertility and renewal" and is observed either for three days or four-days, after the end of the monsoon season and rice (paddy) crop is harvested. Saturday the 2nd Owen. PONGAL. The bull is never killed, however many boys get killed by goring by the bull since they fight with their bare hands and with confidence of their strength. It is an ancient festival of South India, particularly Tamils. The recognition of celebrating this festival is that on this day the farmers of our country take the first harvest of their crop and cook the grain of the crop and eat it for the first time. 11. Cattles are workshiped and offered sweet pongal rice and sugar cane. Cows and bulls are revered and venerated in India: cows provide nourishment in the form of milk, while bulls are essential for herding and oxen plow fields. Pongal Kolam 2020 preparations. Cows and bulls have always held a special place in India. Art for peace essay pdf, muet essay about science and technology. Among the myriad festivals that the Indian calendar is studded with, Makar Sankranti occurs All four days of Pongal festival Bhogi, Surya, Mattu, Kaanum. and 1,500 B.C. People anoint the heads of the cows and bulls with turmeric and sprinkle saffron water on them. [4][5] This traditional sport changed during the Nayaka rule in Tamil Nadu From a harmless bull-chasing sport it got transformed into the present form of Jallikattu, which is a bloodier bull-wrestling sport that takes place now in villages throughout Tamil Nadu, to celebrate Mattu Pongal. [18] The winter solstice is the date of Sun entering Capricorn in both the traditions that coincides with Makara Sankranti (called Uttarayana meaning the return of the luminary to the northern region), the first day of the new year starting with the month Magha according to the Hindu Tamil calendar. People offer prayers to the bulls, cows and other farm animals. On this day it is spring cleaning, as people decorate their homes, buy new vessels and burn old and unwanted items. While Mattu Pongal is supposed to celebrate and honor bulls and cows, this aspect of the festival has received its fair share of criticism. The first day is called Bhogi – the last day of Dhanurmas (month of Sagittarius), a preparatory day before the Pongal and is in honour of god Indra, the king of heaven. While making this offering to crows, they call out with words in Tamil, ‘Kakai Ku Pudi, Kuruvi Ku Pudi’, which literally means "this rice ball is for the crow, this rice ball is for the sparrow. [9][10] The Pongal festival also represents celebration of "fertility and renewal" and is observed either for three days or four-days, after the end of the monsoon season and rice (paddy) crop is harvested. In this AnimalWised article we're going to talk about Mattu Pongal, its origin, where and when it takes place and how the festival is carried out. On day four, people cook rice and offer it to the goddess Parvati and her sons in the form of prayers after offering it to the cattle. Click to attach a photo related to your comment. Fun Fact: Along with Pongal, there are two other harvesting festivals which are being celebrated on 14th January. The festival is thus an occasion when the fresh harvests from the fields are shared in the form of food and sweets not only with the community but also with animals and birds. Happy Mattu Pongal Greetings. Today Thought Menu. Hindus consider the date as auspicious and mark this as the beginning of … This sport was popular in the southern part of Tamil Nadu, particularly in Madurai, Tiruchirapalli and Tanjavur. If you want to read similar articles to What is Mattu Pongal and Where is it Celebrated?, we recommend you visit our Facts about the animal kingdom category. You can find a collection of heart warming Pongal Wishes below! The bull fight is held, at a central location in the village where people assemble in large numbers to witness the fight. The intention is similar to that of the American thanksgiving, where people give thanks for their blessings. Pongal, which is celebrated in countries such as India, marks the start of sun’s six-month long journey northwards (Uttarayana). In fact, mattu is the Tamil word for “cow” and pongal means “boiled rice”. People regard the day as offering thanks for the cows, as it helps farmers in providing diary products, fertilizers and plowing fields. You will find here Makar Sankranti Quotes, Pongal Wishes, Uttarayan, Lohri wishes. If the milk over flows on the right side of the pot, it is considered an auspicious augury. Turmeric and kumkum are also devotionally put on the foreheads of the cattle. In recent years, there have been deaths of young boys during this festival, which has created a furore among the public. Mattu Pongal is made up of two Tamil words; "Mattu", meaning 'bull', and "Pongal", literally meaning 'boiled rice' (a rice and lentil dish) but metaphorically meaning prosperity. Pongal, the main festival, also called the Perum Pongal (big festival), is the second day when the Sun is worshipped signifying the first day of the month of Makara or Capricornus. This corresponds to 21 December per Christian date and is called the sign of the Goat, while the same happens in mid-January according to Hindu calendar. Mattu Pongal is the third day of the festival of Pongal that is dedicated completely to the cattle. Mattu Pongal – This festival is similar to the celebration of the Maharashtrian community called Pola, where cow worship is paramount and significant to the farmers. The fourth and final day of Pongal is Kaanum Pongal when people gather for … During the day of Mattu Pongal, cattle are washed while their horns are colored and covered in shining metallic caps. In the Gregorian calendar it is usually celebrated on either 15th or 16th January. In many instances, the audiences watching the fight have also been injured by the ferocious bulls. It lasts for four days, of which the third is dedicated to cattle. Pongal Quotes – Friends Pongal is a very sacred festival of South Indian, on this festival, all the people wear new clothes and worship Sun God and Indradev. This year it was held on 15 January (English Calendar). They draw kolam outside the house. Mattu Pongal is a lively festival that takes place in India where people offer prayers to cows, bulls and other farm animals. Mattu Pongal is a lively festival that takes place in India where people offer prayers to cows, bulls and other farm animals. This day was then associated with cattle. People worship cows, bulls and other farm animals on this day. However, the name 'Kannum' also denotes that on this day people visit elders in the villages or towns seeking their blessings. The pongal cooked in mud pots are placed on the floor where a Kolam is drawn and skirted with red sand. thanks for watching this video if you really like this video don't forget to Thumbs Up and share it in your group welcome to educational channel by ritashu. Animal rights associations such as PETA argue that the bulls are threatened, attacked and hurt during the process of Jallikattu, and so they strongly oppose it. According to the Gregorian calendar it is celebrated on 16 January. Mattu Pongal. Hence the day is known as Mattu Pongal. In the past, it was the day when fierce bulls were chased by young youths of the village to retrieve the money that was tied to the horns of the bulls. The ritual usually begins by making Kolam, a practice of making religious designs at the entrance of one's house. In Tamil Nadu there are cattle races and bull fights (Jalli kattu) on this day. Pongal also marks the fresh harvesting of rice, a crop associated with fertility, joy, and wealth. But this was a milder form of the sport which was seen in most villages in Tamil Nadu 500 years back. [15] Jallikattu, as an ancient sport of Tamil Nadu, has been corroborated from rock paintings of 'bull chasing sport' discovered on massive rock surfaces at Karikkiyur in Nilgiris in Tamil Nadu, which are dated between 2,000 B.C. Happy Pongal 2021: Best Status, Shayari, Greetings for Pongal Festival . Offer prayers to the bull is quite fierce and many times bloody or simply `` Sankranti '' the. 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